The Sundarbans is a vast area which consists of ground-level islands in the Bay of Bengal, spread across India & Bangladesh. It is situated in the state of West Bengal, in India & claims to be the largest & active delta region in India. Not only that, this outstanding delta region stands among the largest in the world, comprising of 40,000 sq km of the whole area. The Sundarbans Delta is also known as Brahmaputra Delta or the Bengal Delta.
The Sundarbans mangrove forest, measuring about 10,000 sq km, lies on the delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers on the Bay of Bengal. It is one of the largest forests in the world of which 40% lies in India. The Sundarbans Mangroves Ecoregion is the large-scale mangrove ecosystem in this Universe, the name deriving from the supreme mangrove species present in this region, Heritiera fomes, which is locally familiar as sundri. This single mangrove ecoregion shelters & cherishes the Indo-Pacific region's largest carnivore, The Tiger.
Sundarban has extremely magnificent variation of aquatic and terrestrial flora and fauna. Sundarban’s highly productive ecosystem provides the worthiest place for natural fish nursery. This mangrove ecoregion diminishes the intensity of cyclonic storm and prevents erosion due to tidal action. Moreover, Sundarban Ecosystem provides millions of people with sustenance through fishing, gathering of honey & timber. Although the region is located south of the Tropic of Cancer, the temperature is cool & calm due to its proximity to the sea. Average annual rainfall is 1920 mm.
The renowned sites in the Sundarbans include Hiron Point (Nilkamal), which is famous for tiger, deer, monkey, crocodiles, birds & natural beauty, Katka for deer, tiger, crocodiles, varieties of birds and monkey, Tin Kona Island for tiger & deer, Dublar Char Island for fishermen, Tiger Point (from Katka to Kachikhali) for the great opportunities of wild tracking and so on.
Sundarban National Park, comprising of the central area of Sundarban Tiger Reserve, received recognition as World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1987. It is the home of the Royal Bengal Tiger. It is also the Earth’s largest estuarine forest & draws the attention of every tourist for its diversity of animals & adventurous outlook. Sundarban Notational Park possesses numerous wild animals and crocodile-infested estuaries. The Kingfisher and White-bellied Sea eagle increases esthetic beauty & pleasure by adding a brilliant burst of colour. Sundarbans keeps pride for being the largest mangrove swamp, the largest delta and the largest Estuarine National Park in the World.